Standards

Archaeological description of the weight

Authority (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field identifies the personal, ethnic, or institutional authority under which the weight is issued. It is frequently used to indicate the ruling monarch appearing on a weight. E.g. “Antiochus IV Epiphanes”, “Nerva”, “Justinian I”, “Philippus”, “Patricius of Megalopolis”.

Mint

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field identifies the place of manufacture or the issuing city of the weight.
E.g. “Athens”, “Rome”, “Constantinople”.

Denomination (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field identifies the official name(s) of the weight, based on its legend, its symbols, its shape, its mass, or any other available evidence.

Material

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field defines the physical material from which the weight is made. E.g. “Lead”, “Bronze”, “Stone”.

Manufacture

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field defines the technique of manufacture of the weight. E.g. “Cast”, “Carved”, “Struck”.

Shape

Required format: Drop-down list. To be defined in the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field defines the shape of the weight. E.g. “Square”, “Truncated sphere”, “Polyhedron”, “Pig”.

Dimensions: Length / Width / Height

Required format: Numeric data. The dimensions are typically expressed in centimetres (cm), but can occasionally be expressed in inches (in)—in this case, the relevant field should be filled in, and the dimensions will be converted to centimetres automatically.
Dimensions: Length / Width / Height

Length: One of the three dimensions of the weight (the x-coordinate in a 3D Cartesian coordinate system).

Width: One of the three dimensions of the weight (the y-coordinate in a 3D Cartesian coordinate system).

Height: One of the three dimensions of the weight (the z-coordinate in a 3D Cartesian coordinate system).

Metrology (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: Numeric data.
This field registers all the measurements of the mass of the weight since it was found or acquired. The mass of the weight is typically expressed in grams (g), but can occasionally be expressed in grains (gr)—in this case, the relevant field should be filled in, and the mass will be converted to grams automatically. To each measurement can be linked a date of measurement (format YYYY-MM-DD), the reference for this measurement (free text), and technical explanations about the physical conditions of the object (fragmented and/or cleaned). If several measurements are registered, one mass should be selected as the reference mass of the weight.

Iconography (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: Drop-down list.
This field enumerates all the symbols that are shown on the weight. E.g. “Dolphin”, “Horse”, “Female head”, “Bust of Emperor”, “Imperial crown”.

Legend

Required format: Free text based on the EpiDoc standard (https://sourceforge.net/p/epidoc/wiki/Home/).
This field describes the inscriptions or markings (incised or in relief) placed on the weight as part of the production process or after the production.

Monogram (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: Drop-down list.
This field makes it possible to record and analyse the monogram(s) that are engraved on the weight. It is linked to the fields “Legend” and “Authority”.

Wear

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/), as defined by “Abnutzung und Korrosion = Usure et corrosion” (Bulletin IFS ITMS IRMS 2, 1995, Suppl.) (https://www.muenzfunde.ch/downloads/supplement_1995.pdf).
This field measures the degree of degradation of the weight due to physical reaction with its environment. E.g. “A1. Little to no wear”; “A5. Extremely worn”.

Corrosion

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/), as defined by “Usure et corrosion: Tables de référence pour la détermination de trouvailles monétaires = Abnutzung und Korrosion: Bestimmmungstafeln zur Bearbeitung von Fundmünzen” ( Bulletin IFS ITMS IRMS 2, 1995, Suppl.) (https://www.muenzfunde.ch/downloads/supplement_1995.pdf).
This field measures the degree of degradation of the weight due to chemical reaction with its environment. E.g. “K1. Little to no corrosion”; “K5. Extremely corroded”.

Archaeological description

Required format: Free text.
This field is intended to describe the weight as an archaeological artefact, by focusing on facts and details that are not sufficiently highlighted in the other description fields.

Pictures (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]
Required format: JPEG file.
This field is intended to insert as many photographs and drawings of the weight as necessary. To each picture can be linked a copyright credit (free text) and an URL.

Authenticity

Required format: Drop-down list. To be defined in the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).
This field defines the status of authenticity of the weight. E.g.: “Genuine”; “Forgery”; “Modern Copy”; “Counterfeit”.

Autopsy

Required format: Checkbox.
The checkbox should be checked if the object was included in the database after a first-hand examination.

Archaeological context

Findspot (region)

Required format: Drop-down list based on ISO 3166-2 standard (https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#search).
This field locates the findspot (country or region) of the weight. E.g. “GR-A1. Greece: Attica”; “TR-34. Turkey: Istanbul”; “IT-72. Italy: Campania”; “LU. Luxembourg”.

Findspot (site)

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Pleiades standard (https://pleiades.stoa.org/).
This field locates the archaeological site in which the weight was found. E.g. “Athens, Agora”; “Olympia”; “Rome, Forum Romanum”.

Archaeological context

Required format: Free text.
This field describes the archaeological context in which a weight was found. This field details the field “Findspot (site)”. E.g. (Athens, Agora), “B 16. Section Number: ΠΠ 921. Destruction debris of South House Kitchen. Deposit: B 17:1.”; (Olympia), “Südostabschnitt, Ρ 43, -5,90 m, 04/03/1965.”.

Context of acquisition

Place of acquisition (region)

Required format: Drop-down list based on ISO 3166-2 standard (https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#search).
This field locates the place of acquisition (country or region) of the weight. E.g. “GR-A1. Greece: Attica”; “TR-34. Turkey: Istanbul”; “IT-72. Italy: Campania”; “LU. Luxembourg”.

Circumstances of acquisition

Required format: Free text.
This field describes the circumstances of acquisition of the weight. E.g. “Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, early 1920’s.”; “Syria, October 1950.”; “Antiquities trade, Munich, February 23, 1983.”

Dating of the weight

Chronological period (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]

Required format: Drop-down list based on the classical periodization of ancient and Byzantine times.

This field identifies the period of production of the weight, i.e.: “Archaic Greece (700–480 BCE)”; “Classical Greece (480–338 BCE)”; “Early Hellenistic Greece (338–146 BCE)”; “Late Hellenistic Greece (146–31 BCE)”; “Early Roman Empire (31 BCE – 284 CE)”; “Late Roman Empire (284–476 CE)”; “Early Byzantine Empire (476–843 CE)”; “Middle Byzantine Empire (843–1204 CE)”; “Late Byzantine Empire (1204–1453 CE)”.

If necessary, select several (contiguous) periods: e.g. “Classical Greece (480–338 BCE)” + “Early Hellenistic Greece (338–146 BCE)” for a weight dating to the 2nd half of the 4th c. BCE.

Chronological Range: Terminus post quem / Terminus ante quem

Required format: Numeric data. This field details the field “Chronological period”. E.g. “Terminus post quem = -350; Terminus ante quem = -300”; “Terminus post quem = 14; Terminus ante quem = 37”.

Comments on Chronology

Required format: Free text.

This field is intended to justify the suggested dating for the weight, by explaining the main chronological arguments and referring to modern scholarship.

Collection history

Collection (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]

Required format: Drop-down list based on the Nomisma standard (http://nomisma.org/).

This field registers all the private collection(s) and/or the museum(s) that conserved the weight since it was found or acquired. To each collection can be linked a date of acquisition (format YYYY-MM-DD) and an inventory number (free text).

Bibliography (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]

Required format: Drop-down list.

This field registers all the relevant bibliographical references, in an abbreviated form (usually with the author-date system). To each bibliographical reference can be linked a page or column number, a reference number, a plate or figure number, and a short comment. This short comment is mainly intended to point out some features of the bibliographical reference, such as the mention of a wrong inventory number, a mistaken identification between several weights, or the use of a specific typology.

Varia

Additional comment

Required format: Free text.

This field is intended to present information that cannot be included in another field.

DOI and Trismegistos identifier

Required format: URL.

This field is generated automatically.

External links (several choices)

[For technical reasons, this complex field is currently located at the end of the encoding tool]

Required format: URL.

This field is intended to refer to external websites and databases that record the weight (such as museums, archaeological sites, epigraphical corpuses, etc.).

Status

Required format: Drop-down list.
This field defines the status of the file: “Published” (final version, available online in open access); “Draft” (preliminary version, available online in open access with the warning: “This is a preliminary version.”); “Limited access” (access restricted to one contributor, not available online).